Species Detail - Sugar Maple

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Photo You selected a Sugar Maple:

Scientific Name:
Acer saccharum

Leaves:
3.5 to 5.5 in. or 9 to 14 cm in diameter. Usually palmately 5-lobed

Flowers:
Bright yellow, perfect and staminate

Buds:
Terminal buds are 1/4 to 3/8 in. long, sharply pointed (similar to an upside-down sugar cone).

Bark:
Gray on older trees; Deeply furrowed, with long irregular, thick plates or ridges, sometimes scaly, very variable

Height:
60-80 ft.

Diameter:
2 ft.

Range:
Northeastern; Local disjuncts in central North Carolina, northwestern South Carolina, and northeastern North Dakota. Native to Vermont.

Other Info:
Twigs are slender and shiny. Samaras are U-shaped. Sugar maple is tapped for syrup and sugar. It takes 32 gallons of spring sap to boil down to 1 gallon of syrup or 8 lbs. of maple sugar. Also used as a source of timber.