Species Detail - Northern White Cedar or Eastern Arborvitae

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Photo You selected a Northern White Cedar or Eastern Arborvitae:

Scientific Name:
Thuja occidentalis

Leaves:
1/16 to 1/8 in. long; evergreen; flat scales closely overlapping in 4 rows; front and back two-ranked spray flattened with a single resin dot; dull yellow-green above and paler blue green beneath. Very soft foliage

Flowers:
(cones) 3/8 in. long; eliptical; light brown; upright from short curved stalk; 8-10 paired, leathery, blunt-pointed scales; 4 usually bearing 2 tiny narrow-winged seeds.

Buds:
Inconspicuous except flower buds

Bark:
Light red-brown; thin; fibrous; shreddy; fissured into narrow connecting ridges

Height:
Height of 40-70 ft.

Diameter:
Diameter of 1-3 ft

Range:
Basically, North of the White Mountains. Southeast Manitoba east to Nova Scotia; south to New York; west to Illinois. Also, south locally to North Carolina. Native to Vermont.

Other Info:
Most likely the first North American tree introduce into Europe. Foliage and bark is high in vitamin C and saved the crew of Jacques Cartier from scurvy in 1535. The name arbovitae is Latin for tree-of-life.